Cypress evergreen - Cupressus sempervirens L. Tree or shrub with a pyramidal crown and prostrate or trunk with brown-brown bark, peeling thin plates. It grows in the mountains of the Eastern Mediterranean. Leaves are small, rhombic, dark green with a bluish tinge, dull or shiny, scaly, tightly pressed or adnate to escape, contain efironosnye glands. Good in the winter gardens and a tapeworm in the interior with a cool microclimate.
Cypress evergreen pyramidal - Cupressus sempervirens L. var. pyramidalis. Conifer with dark green scale-like needles. His wild form horizontal evergreen cypress grows in Afghanistan, northern Iran, on the island of Crete, Rhodes, Cyprus, and Asia Minor. Rises in the mountains up to 1000 m in the young age requires shading, and then grows well and in full light, drought-resistant.
Mexican cypress Bentham - Cupressus lusitanica Miill. var. benthamii (Endl.) evergreen coniferous tree with scaly, alternately oppositely pointed needles, of course common in Mexico.
In the culture of the plant is very stable, relatively fast-growing, developing better in dark places.
Cypress sad - Chamaecyparis funebris (Endl.) Franko. Evergreen coniferous tree with open-hanging branches and sharp ladeobraznymi leaves (needles). Decorative and original in form. Grows wild in China, rises in the mountains up to 1200 m
The culture is stable, has low light conditions, relatively slow-growing. The most active growing season is in March - July. A rest period begins in November and lasts through January.
Cypress gorohoplodny - Chamaecyparis pisifera Sieb. et Zucc. - evergreen tree up to 25 m tall, with a conical crown and horizontally outstretched branches. Forms a forest on moist acidic soils in subtropical Japan (Honshu and Kyushu). Densely leafy shoots. Scale-like needles, dark green on the upper side of the branches and on the bottom belopyatnistaya. In culture, the greatest interest is juvenile form of this species with acicular soft greenish-blue needles. The species has a variety of garden forms. Very good as a tapeworm in a light-colored decorative planters, vase and group compositions of the winter garden.
The plant is fast-growing, stable in culture, unpretentious to the lighting conditions
Thuja occidentalis vereskovidnaya - Thuja occidenlalis L. Evergreen coniferous tree with gray-green or light green acicular needles spaced apart flat and narrow pyramidal crown. Decorative its thick, lush foliage. Naturally grows in the eastern United States, as the acidic and calcareous soils, shade-tolerant. It grows well in central and south of the country.
In the culture of the plant undemanding to light, fast-growing. Active growth is in March July. A rest period begins in October and lasts until February. The main feature of this type is its vegetation in arid soils and poorly lit areas.
Arbor vitae Siebold - Thuja orientalis 'Sieboldii'. Low evergreen tree with a compact hemispherical crown and flat imbricate needles. Decorative his crown.
In a culture resistant, shade-tolerant, fast-growing plant. Active growth falls on spring and summer months (March - July). A rest period begins in October and lasts until February.
Tuevik Japanese - Thujopsis dolobrata Sieb. et Zucc. Tree with scalelike needles, located opposite. Top foliage is bright green, blue-gray below, which gives the plant decoration. Motherland - the humid subtropics Japan, mountain forests. Settles on moist soils in association with other conifers and deciduous trees. Crohn pyramidal branches in whorls, drooping at the end. The leaves are leathery, dark green, opposite-arranged crosswise. Young shoots from below belopyatnistye. In the culture of common garden form Thujopsis dolabra 'Variegata's creamy white ends of the shoots. Used in the group composition of the winter garden.
In the culture of the plant sustainable, shade-tolerant, relatively fast-growing. Actively vegetating in March - July. The dormant period is October - February.
Sem. Nogoplodnikovye - Podocarpaccae F. Neger
Nogoplodnik macrophylla - Podocarpus macrophyllys (Thund.) D. Don. Evergreen tree with a wide flat needles, growing in mountainous subtropical forests of China and Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, Ryukyu). Leaves narrowly lanceolate, obtuse or shortly acuminate at apex, decurrent on the petiole, dark green, 10-20 cm long, spirally arranged. Beautifully shaped tree is interior decoration as tapeworm.
The culture is not demanding to light conditions, fast grower. Active growth is in March - July, a rest period begins in October and lasts until February.
Sem. Taxodiaceae - Taxodiaceae F. Neger
Kunningamiya lancet - Sunninghamia laceolata Hook .. Evergreen conifer with dark green lanceolate needles. Grows in the Southern, Central and Western China, in a moderately warm area.
The culture is not demanding to light conditions, fast grower. Active growth period is in March - July, a period of rest - in October - February. Culture conditions are the same as for cryptomerias.
Sem. Golovchatotissovye - Cephalotaxaceae F. Neger
Capitate yew Harrington - Cephalotaxus harringtonia (Knight) C. Koch. Evergreen conifer. The needles are linear, pointed, shiny green above, from below with two white stripes. Ornamental plants. Wildly found in Central China, Japan and Korea.
In the culture of the plant is quite resistant, undemanding to lighting, slow. Period of active growth in the spring and summer. A rest period begins in November and lasts till February.
Capitate yew kostyankovy - Cephalotaxus drupa Sieb. et Zucc. Evergreen tree with narrow flat needles, growing under the canopy of moist subtropical forests of China and Japan. This is usually small trees in the wild they do not exceed 15 m in height. The bark is gray, flaking longitudinal strips. Branches in dense whorls. The leaves are 2-5 cm long, linear, leathery, suddenly pointed at the top, dark green, in the ranks of semi.
Cultivated garden forms, of which the most interesting: the ascending branches and spirally arranged leaves, with a dwarf, densely leafy crown, with open branches. Used in group composition of fragments of the winter garden and small arrangements.
Capitate yew Fortune - Cephalotaxus fortune Hook. Tree or shrub with narrow flat needles, lives in humid subtropical areas of China, the mountains of Burma and Thailand. Different from the above type of lower growth and spread thin branches, forming a wide oval crown. The leaves are 5-8 cm long, gradually tapered at the top, in an almost horizontal rows, leathery, shiny green on top, with two light stripes at the bottom. As capitated yew kostyankovy very tenevynosliv. Thanks to the prostrate form shoots well linked with other conifers in artistic composition evergreen coniferous tree with spreading branches.
In the culture of the plant undemanding to light, slow-growing. Period of active growth occurs in the spring and summer months, the period of rest - in autumn and winter.
Sem. Tissovye - Taxaceae SF Gray
Torrey nucifera - Torreya nucifera. Homeland - Japan. A tree with a pyramidal crown and shiny dark green linear rigid leaves. 1,8-3,7 cm long. Whorled branching, sometimes opposite. Shade plant in culture undemanding. Requires not very nutrient dense soil. Transplanted every 3-4 years.
Sem. Pine - Pinaceae Lindl.
Atlas cedar - Cedrus atlantica Manetti native of North Africa, in the open field is growing on the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus. A tree with a beautiful silvery-green or blue-green needles, which reaches 25 cm in length. In the culture of hardy plant. Transplanted in 2-3 years. Not afraid of a draft, but it is harmful bay water.
Conifers are traditional and growth-style bonsai. To create indoor bonsai recommend:
Nogoplodniki: - Podocarpus macrophyllum, Podocarpus nagi with smooth reddish bark, Podocarpus glaucus, with small leaves, like beech, Podocarpus falcatus, Podocarpus gracilior.
Stone pine (Italian stone pine) - Pinus pinea, and Aleppo pine - Pinus halepensis. Both originally from the Mediterranean. This is a classic Mediterranean landscape trees.
Cypress: - Cupressus arizonica Arizona, Cupressus cashmeriana from Kashmir, Cupressus macrocarpa from California. On sale occurs, usually decorative form 'Goldcrest', which feels good in the winter indoors.
Cupressus semprevierens - "a real fir tree", its crown is narrow, increasing with age as the cedar, the homeland of Iran and Asia Minor.
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