Gardeners often ask the question - how to propagate gladiolus. Today let's talk about this in more detail.
Gladioli reproduce in two ways - vegetative and seed. In the first case klubnepochkami multiplication, division corms, breaking off the terminal bud tubers and cuttings. About the features of each of these methods - below.
Reproduction klubnepochkami gladioli. Klubnepochek the normal development and their number is heavily influenced by growth conditions: temperature, soil moisture, length of growing season. Early varieties form large babies, late - the smaller ones. At the time of seed maturation klubnepochki easily separated from corms.
Klubnepochki, the plant is not the same size, so in the same crop of gladioli of the same kind, there are small and big kids. Optimal from the point of emergence, klubnepochki size from 0.6 to 1 cm. Klubnepochek selection, ranging in size from 0.8 to 1 cm (the largest), will get the right care, plants with 7-8 leaves, of which more than 70% and more than half butoniziruyutsya then bloom.
Sow in early spring kids in boxes with grids or removable bottom. Then they added dropwise to the open ground, the beds. This way of planting gladiolus will extend the time of their growth. The result will be replacing large corms.
If for some - reason plant out kids is not possible, you can grow them in peat pots, peat briketikah and even eggshells, with subsequent transfer in the open ground. In this case, the root system is, of course, should not be damaged.
Reproduction gladioli corms. Corm "bears" but two of the main, central several lateral buds. If the central bud sprouts, all biological energy growth sublimated into her side as the kidneys do not germinate. However, when it is damaged for whatever - that are due to the growth of lateral buds, thereby forming the "escape substitution." As a result, you get a few replacement corms smaller. In such cases, the central bud "break off", or else thrown plant "on the flank", "Donets up." Is also possible to cut tubers into pieces.
Planting techniques "to flank" and "Up Donets" elected for young bulbs. The disadvantage of this method is the retardation of flowering for 10 - 12 days and reducing the number of inflorescences, but corms obtained almost twice as much.
Cutting gladiolus bulbs generally carried vertically, cutting them in half. If you cut to more parts (3-4), the corms this will develop more slowly, and the possibility of infection of plants increases. Cutting should be carried out within 1 - 3 days prior to planting. To do this, use a sharp knife. Shear yield to dry before planting them and sprinkle with powdered charcoal, if possible - with the addition of sulfur. You can also cover them with a concentrated solution of potassium permanganate.
For reproduction gladioli cuttings, seedlings, length 15 - 16 cm break off and plunge into the water to form roots. After that they were planted in a greenhouse or in a greenhouse large layer of river sand. Of rooted shoots will form inflorescences and corms.
Reproduction gladioli Seed breeders use - professionals. Plants produced by seed reproduction do not preserve the characteristics of the variety, and therefore this method is rarely used in horticulture.